Thingvellir sits in the rift valley that marks the crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It’s also the place where the Icelanders established their Alþingi (parliament) in 930. Chieftains and their followers would come from all over the island every summer to argue cases, prosecute grievances, form alliances, and trade news and stories.
The Lawspeaker had a very important role to play. It was this person’s task to recite from memory one third of the law each year so that all the chieftains could hear the entire law corpus once every three years.