ÍS: Krafla and the Mouth of Hell

F1000017kraflaKrafla is a caldera in the north of Iceland, near the lake Mývatn . Calderas are cauldrons formed when the ground collapses after a volcanic eruption. There have been 29 eruptions in the Krafla caldera, which has a diameter of 10km (6 miles) and a fissure line of 90km (55 miles). One of the most impressive features of this desolate landscape is a crater named Víti (pictured above; translates literally as “hell”). It contains a lake of vivid green (almost teal) water. The view from the edge of Víti is amazing. You can look out over the caldera, where plumes of steam billow up from natural geothermal openings and the nearby geothermal power station.F1000018kraflaF1000019kraflaI can’t really say much about the power station at Krafla, other than that it creates a really remarkable amount of energy. Unfortunately, you can’t tour the place (I was traveling with a friend studying geothermal energy, which is why we stopped there in the first place). However, if you are interested in learning more about what they are doing, they have a nice, little visitor information room with pretty interesting brochures and what not. Within the last few years, a drilling project on the site found magma only 2.1 km from the surface! There’s a lot going on above and below the surface of Krafla. It’s right off the Ring Road, and definitely worth a visit. There’s a huge sign on the Ring Road telling you where to turn off, so its hard to miss.

F1000016krafla [35mm taken with my Canon EOS Rebel 2000. Click this link to see more pictures from this trip up to northern Iceland. ]

6 thoughts on “ÍS: Krafla and the Mouth of Hell

  1. Pingback: ÍS: Geothermal Wonders at Hverarondor Hverir | It All Started In Iceland...

  2. What time of year did you go? It would be really helpful for me if you could provide exact dates. I am visiting from March 21st – April 3rd and I need to know how much snow there will be. Take care, thank you for this great article.

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